Universities play apivotal role in understanding climate changeand how to avoid its worst impacts. The UK is a world leader in academic research and advocacy on climate change. So, in March, Friends of the Earth wrote to 40 universities and 19 research councils and institutes asking them how their institutions were responding to the 1.5 degree challenge set in Paris.
The scale and breadth of action being taken across UK universities is impressive. But while most universities are doing many things, there are some major gaps.
In Friends of the Earths view, there is a colossal amount of high quality research and advocacy on climate change being undertaken in academic institutions, with the UK being a clear lead country in the physical science of climate change, but also in research on how countries can cut emissions and on the technological, cultural, social and economic implications of doing so.
Friends of the Earth feels that overall, academic institutions are setting a strong example to other sectors of society on the urgency of climate change, with much genuinely world-leading research and advocacy. However, the responses in many places should be stepped up and there are some glaring contradictions within institutions where often actions go against the Paris Agreement goals.
Many but not all institutions explicitly mentioned the new 1.5 degree imperative fromParis. Some have already changed their research plans or activities to address issues, others intend to. Other institutions stated that their climate change plans are already very strong and that Paris does not materially change this work.
But, there is probably universal agreement that there is always more that could be done. In a blog last December I referenced a piece by Jane Carter in the Times Higher Education. In May last year,my blog picked up on a piece published onEdie.netthat suggested increased tuition fees and competition among UK universities have created a generation of ever more demanding students, which is complicating the sectors attempts to reduce emissions. Of course, its just not that simple.
But, as Friends of the Earth states, whetheryoure a student, a member of staff or simplylive nearby,you might want to know how your university can help tackle climate change.
It has outlined 10 top things a university can do to tackle climate change:
The leading institutions are doing many of these things. There is sometimes a disconnect between how universities operate and what they research and teach but the best are tackling campus, community and curriculum with equal measure. There are some very specific things listed with the kind of prescription that tends to create difficulties within universities. Its fair to say that many are looking at elements of the above but broadly speaking were all, to a greater or lesser extent, seeking to reduce carbon emissions from our operations, supply chains and investments, and to embed sustainability into our teaching. As the report rightly suggests, there is significant world class research being undertaken across the piece.
Paris sets the framework for government policy. I hope that means universities remain committed to achieving the carbon reduction targets they have set and that government seeks to direct research funding towards climate change research that will decarbonise our lives (and quickly). If theres one real challenge, its turning research into learning and into policy and practice. Often that process is very long and we dont have time.
In the meantime, universities should consider how they are preparing themselves for climate change. Climate adaptation remains the poor relation to greenhouse gas reduction and this has been illustrated in the rollout of the Green Scorecard developed by the Association of University Directors of Estates (AUDE) where there remains an acknowledgement that this is an undeveloped area. Issues of flood risk, heat islands, supply chains and international impacts remain poorly understood.